25 de ago. de 2022

Summary: Gulliver's Travels (Jonathan Swift)

Lemuel Gulliver, a physician-surgeon, speaks to the reader and explains that he will narrate his experiences at sea. He looks back on his youth, his education, and his marriage to Mrs. Mary Burton, and her reasons for telling these stories. In fact, it's just a way of recording your memories, nothing more.

On his first voyage, he faced a terrible storm, which caused him to be thrown overboard clutching a piece of wood. After an entire night of swimming, he arrives at an island and falls asleep on the beach. The next day, when he wakes up, he finds that he is tied to the ground by countless ropes and sees hundreds of tiny little men around him. They say Gulliver is in a country called Lilliput. As they had never seen a giant like him, they concluded that he could be dangerous and tied him up as a precaution. After much conversation, Gulliver is released and taken to the capital, where he slowly adapts to life in that country, with numerous difficulties in terms of food and accommodation.

Months later, Gulliver discovers that Lilliput has been at war for a long time with a neighboring country called Blefuscu, for a trivial reason: in Lilliput the eggs are broken by the thinnest part of the shell, while in Blefuscu the eggs are broken by the thinnest part of the shell. thick. One day, when Blefuscu attacks Lilliput, Gulliver captures Blefuscu's ships and stops the attack. Although the Lilliputians ask him to destroy Blefuscu's forces, Gulliver refuses and forces the two countries to sign a peace treaty honorable to both, being decorated by the Lilliput Emperor for doing so. After a few years living in Lilliput, Gulliver is forced to leave the country, as he is informed that the government is considering arresting him for treason, as he maintains good relations with people frowned upon at court and with members of the Blefuscunian government. . Gulliver leaves for Blefuscu, where he is welcomed. There, he builds a boat and manages to return to England.

Shortly after reuniting with his family, Gulliver sets out on a journey again. This time, his ship is shipwrecked and he reaches the land of Brobdingnag, which is the opposite of Lilliput. There, he is the little man, for everyone is giant to him. Taking a microscopic view of humanity, Gulliver discovers the grotesque nature of people, both spiritually and physically. He is captured by the giants and lives in a kind of wooden dollhouse, made especially for him. Although he is loved by his owner, Glumdalclitch, and is liked by the King and Queen of Brobdingnag, to whom he was shown during his journey through the kingdom, Gulliver misses people of his own size. In addition, he fears for his life, as he is constantly exposed to unexpected dangers due to his size, such as being mistaken for a mouse by a hungry dog. As he plans ways to escape, a large bird unexpectedly picks up his house and carries it a long distance across the sea on its paws, until it gets tired and drops it into the water. Gulliver floats adrift for days until he is rescued by an English ship. At first, no one believes him, although he always shouts to be heard and has a habit of looking up when talking to people. However, after showing them some gigantic objects he brought inside the house, they come to believe his story and are impressed by his adventures.

Gulliver returns home and, a few months later, decides to travel again, much to the annoyance of his family. On the high seas, your ship is captured by pirates. Gulliver manages to escape to an unknown land. As soon as he disembarks, he is arrested by the citizens of the country, which is called Balnibari. Not knowing what to do with him, they decide to send him to the government headquarters, which is located on a strange flying island called Laputa. The Laputans rule their world through mathematics and science, but they fail to apply them to the well-being of the people. They all wear clothes that are poorly cut and sewn, although they are made up of geometric and musical figures. Furthermore, they are so absorbed in mathematical daydreams that they forget about everything else, having to be accompanied by servants with small rattles, which they use to tap their masters lightly and remind them to talk or eat. Gulliver quickly tires of these people and returns to Balnibari. He visits the city of Lagado and its Academy, where scientists research absurd subjects, such as extracting sunbeams from cucumbers or producing food from human excrement. He also visits Glubbdubbdrib, where spirits are regularly consulted. Gulliver converses with the ghosts of historical figures such as Alexander the Great and Julius Caesar, and discovers that their lives have also had a great deal of suffering and hardship. Finally, he visits the city of Luggnagg, where the Struldbruggs, a race of immortal people, live. Talking to them, Gulliver discovers that immortality is not as desirable as it seems, as it brings various problems such as lack of memory, pettiness, and boredom. After so many disappointments, Gulliver leaves Balnibari and returns home.

Much later, Gulliver sets out on his last journey. This time, his own traveling companions turn against him, attack him and abandon him in a boat in uncharted waters. Eventually, he makes it to land, where he sees nothing but the footprints of a few humans, cows, and many horses. He meets the Houyhnhnms and the Yahoos. The Houyhnhnms are identical to horses and are the ruling race of that land. Yahoos, on the other hand, look a lot like human beings, and although they live like servants to horses, they are brutish, dirty, aggressive and dangerous.

Gulliver's Travels Paperback – Full Version, 18 September 1996

English Edition by Jonathan Swift (Author), Dover Thrift Editions (Author)

Product Details

Publisher ‏ : ‎ Dover Publications; Unabridged edition (18 September 1996)

Language ‏ : ‎ English

Paperback ‏ : ‎ 240 pages 


Summary by Sidney Matias

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